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The CO2 extraction process of plant polyphenols in jackfruit seeds

CO2 Extraction Method for Plant Polyphenols

The dried jackfruit seeds are crushed and passed through a 30-mesh sieve.
Weigh 5.0g of jackfruit seed powder, wrap it with qualitative filter paper and gauze, and place it in the extraction kettle. Set the extraction pressure, ethanol concentration, ethanol consumption, CO2 flow, and extraction time. When the temperature and pressure of the extraction kettle reach the set value, the cycle extraction is constant. Discharge after time. The fixed separation pressure is 10bar and the temperature is 30°C.

Plant Polyphenols CO2 Extraction Process

The effects of CO2 extraction pressure, CO2 flow rate, extraction temperature, ethanol concentration, ethanol consumption and other factors on the yield of jackfruit seed polyphenols extracted by supercritical CO2 were investigated through single factor and orthogonal experiments.

The experimental results show that the order of the influence of each factor on the yield is CO2 flow rate>extraction temperature>ethanol concentration>ethanol consumption>extraction pressure;

The optimal CO2 extraction process conditions are: extraction pressure 175bar, ethanol concentration 70%, ethanol consumption 5mL/g, extraction temperature 50°C, C()2 flow rate 30g/min, extraction time 1.5h, under these conditions jackfruit seed polyphenols The yield is 0.6254mg/g.

AnaLyzes of CO2 Extraction Process

Extraction Pressure

The ethanol concentration was fixed at 80%, the ethanol consumption was 6mL/g, the extraction temperature was 50°C, the CO2 flow rate was 30g/min, the extraction time was 1h, and the extraction pressure was controlled at 100, 150, 200, and 250 bar for extraction.

As the extraction pressure increases, the extraction effect shows an upward trend. After 150 bar, the extraction effect is basically stable. The extraction effect is optimization at 200 bar, and the polyphenol yield is 0.1602mg/g.


Ethanol concentration

Fixed CO2 extraction pressure 200bar, ethanol consumption 6mL/g, extraction temperature 50°C, CO2 flow rate 30g/min, extraction time 1h, change the ethanol concentration (volume fraction) with 60%, 65%, 70%, 75%, 80%, respectively , 90% storage and extraction.

With the increase of ethanol concentration, the extraction effect rises rapidly. When it reaches 70%, the extraction effect is the optimization. The yield of polyphenol is 0.2894mg/g. Over 70%, the effect drops significantly.


The fixed extraction pressure was 200bar, the ethanol concentration was 70%, the extraction temperature was 50°C, the CO2 flow rate was 30g/min, the extraction time was 1h, and the ethanol consumption was controlled at 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 mL/g.

With the increase of the amount of ethanol, the yield of polyphenols increased first, and the extraction effect was the optimization at 5mg. The yield of polyphenols was 0.5062mg/g, and then the overall trend of decline.

Extraction Temperature

The fixed extraction pressure is 200bar, the ethanol concentration is 70%, the ethanol consumption is 5mL/g, the CO2 flow rate is 30g/min, the extraction time is 1h, and the extraction temperature is controlled at 45, 50, 55, and 60 °C.

It is found that temperature has a great influence on the extraction effect of jackfruit seed polyphenols, and the optimization effect is reached at 50°C. The yield of jackfruit seed polyphenols is 0.5062mg/g.

Plant Polyphenols

Supercritical CO2 extraction of polyphenols from jackfruit seeds

Plant polyphenols, also known as plant tannins, have outstanding effects in many aspects such as anti-oxidation, anti-mutation, anti-tumor, and a wide range of health care functions. The most important of these is its anti-oxidation function.

The existing extraction methods of plant polyphenols mainly include ultrasonic-assisted extraction, solvent extraction, ion precipitation, microwave-assisted extraction, biological enzyme extraction, and supercritical CO2 extraction.

The CO2 extraction process of plant polyphenols

Four Steps of the Process

  • Pre-Treatment: The raw plant material is treated to remove any impurities or contaminants.
  • Extraction: The pre-treated plant material is placed in an extraction vessel, which is pressurized with CO2. The CO2 dissolves the polyphenols from the plant material, forming a CO2-polyphenol mixture.
  • Separation: The CO2-polyphenol mixture is then depressurized, causing the CO2 to evaporate and leaving behind a pure polyphenol extract.
  • Refinement: The polyphenol extract is further refined to remove any remaining impurities or contaminants.

Top 4 Major Benefits

  • High Purity: The CO2 extraction method produces a pure polyphenol extract with a high concentration of active compounds, making it more potent and effective.
  • Environmentally Friendly: The CO2 extraction method is a green and sustainable process that does not use harmful chemicals or solvents.
  • Safe and Natural: The CO2 extraction method produces a safe and natural product, free from harmful chemicals and additives.
  • Versatile: The extracted polyphenols can be used in various applications such as food and beverage, supplements, and cosmetics.